Thousands of years ago, the land that we know as the USA today, belonged to the Native Americans. As the settlers pushed inwards, these native tribes were deprived of their lands. Finally, and after many wars, the USA government agreed to give the large American Tribes plots of land to call their own. The plots of land were located all over the country and mainly in the areas where the tribes had previously lived.
Today the lands that the government gave are the American Indian Reservations, and they have their own laws and their own governments. Some of the reservations have their own police force, and a majority of the Native Americans now live in these reservations.
While giving the Native Americans their reservation lands, there were several treaties that defined the peace that this procedure brought. By signing on these treaties, the Native Americans made sure that the land that the USA was giving to them would be treated as their reservation land. Several grants were also given to them along with the land, one among them being they would not have to pay any taxes to the US government.
There were several instances when the US government did not respect the treaties signed earlier and this caused a lot of tension to be built up between the tribes and the government. However, nowadays, instead of fighting wars, the tribes approach the courts and are represented by their lawyers.
The American Indians have a strong presence in the country, and they are keen to ensure that the government of the USA should honor all the treaties it had signed earlier, since this land belonged to the American Indians originally. Other supporters of the Native American people also are present, and together they try and deal with the issues of the Native Americans.